The Dere Types Wiki
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Trigger Warning!
This page contains mature content not suitable for all ages or information, language or images that can be sensitive to some people! Precaution is advised.

Content Warnings: Strong language and mentions of violence and aggressive behavior.

Quotation Hearts.pngF-Fall for me? This is hardly the time for that kind of thing! But if you want to keep going, I guess I could force myself to listen...Quotation Hearts R.png
Rin Toosaka, from Fate/stay night

Not to be confused with "Bokodere", "Kitikudere" or "Kiredere".

"Tsundere" is a term for a character who acts rude, cold, and hostile towards their love interest in order to conceal their warm and caring feelings.

Meaning of the Name

Tsundere (ツンデレ) comes from the words "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable" or "grumpy", and "deredere" (デレデレ), meaning "lovey dovey".

Tsundere Word Origin

Tsundere was originally a term to describe a character with a harsh exterior who reveals a softer side as the story progressed. As the trope became more popular and clichéd, it became oversimplified in it's usage, being associated with any character who alternates between a harsh side and a soft side at the press of a button, even without any sort of character development. These two eras of tsundere characters are differentiated as "Classic Tsundere" and "Modern Tsundere", respectively.


Tsundere characters are characters who pretend not to be interested in someone, even though their liking is very obvious. They will do things for their love interest, such as making them lunch or buying them stuff, but will insist that they don't like them and make up cheap excuses to try and save face.

Tsundere characters are not honest with themselves, or at the very least, will refuse to be honest with others so as to not damage their pride.

Tsundere characters refuse to hear what others have to say. They say "hmph!" or "tch!" and turn away, but they will eventually turn back, out of love for the other person.

A tsundere will often say things like:

  • Betsuni anata no tameni X janai desu kara! (別にあなたのためにXじゃないですから!)
    It's not like I did X because I like you or anything!
  • Betsuni suki janai n da kara! (別に好きじゃないんだから!)
    It's not like I like you or anything!
  • Kanchigaishinaide! (勘違いしないで!)
    Don't get the wrong idea!

Most tsundere characters will call their love interest "baka" (馬鹿), meaning "idiot", at some point in the story.

Tsundere characters are very prideful, carrying themselves with a "holier than thou" attitude at all times. A tsundere might act like this because they come from a legitimate place of power, such as being a part of a rich family or being a part of the student council, but many of them do not have a good reason for their ego.

From a psychological standpoint, a tsundere character's behavior can be considered an example of "splitting", a coping mechanism in which someone idealizes and undervalues others.

A tsundere character is not a character who plays hard to get. Characters who act like that deliberately choose not to get with their love interest until they know for sure that they truly love them, whereas a tsundere character's denial is about hiding their already existing feelings to protect their pride.

Tsundere is a similar term to himedere, oujidere, and kamidere, since they are all quite arrogant. However, himedere, oujidere, and kamidere characters are much more arrogant than tsundere characters, wanting to be treated like princesses, princes, and gods, respectively. Tsundere characters are more defensive than these more arrogant characters as well, being unable to brush off comments that they take offense to like they could.

Tsundere is a similar term to hinedere, since they are both quite arrogant. However, hinedere characters are less short-tempered and more arrogant than tsundere characters, not to mention more cynical. Hinedere characters want to be the best at everything, while tsundere characters just want to look good in front of people they care about.

Tsundere is a similar term to bokodere, since they both act aggressively towards their love interest. However, bokodere characters are much more shy than tsundere characters, only becoming aggressive when they feel embarrassed. Bokodere is considered to be a combination of tsundere and dandere.

Tsundere is a similar term to kitikudere, since they both act aggressively towards their love interest. However, kitikudere characters are much meaner than tsundere characters, genuinely bullying their love interest in order to keep their feelings hidden. They won't just hurt their love interest, either, usually having a reputation as a bully or a delinquent among all of their peers.

Kiredere is another dere type that can be considered a variation of tsundere, with kiredere characters having an excess of both the "tsun" and "dere" sides of a tsundere, making them care deeply for their love interest, but exerting it in a very harsh way by trying to make their love interest improve themselves.

Moe Factor

Tsundere characters are typically tsundere for the sake of the show. If a tsundere confesses, they will still act harshly towards their love interest, even though they have nothing left to hide. This is done because of how popular the tsundere archetype is. If the tsundere character stopped being tsundere, they would lose what made them so attractive in the first place, so they cannot change.

In harem media, the author wants to include as many types of "moe" (萌え) characters, or characters who make the reader feel affection and adoration towards them, as possible so as to widen the scope of their audience. Tsundere characters are among the typical lineup of these characters, since the conflicts that arise from the tsundere character's arrogance are good proponents for both comedic and dramatic moments.

The tsundere trope also acts as a source of wish fulfillment. The idea of a character who seems very rude at first, but becomes kind when you manage to crack their shell, can make someone feel satisfied, as if like they themselves had a hand in their personality change.[1]

Tsundere vs. BST

The western term "belligerent sexual tension" (BST), might be confused with tsundere, but the key difference between the two is that BST is a situation, while a tsundere is a character.

BST occurs when two characters like each other, but don't realize it. They'll act like they don't like each other by insulting each other to try and alleviate the tension, since they don't want to embarrass themselves by admitting their feelings and have the other party turn them down.

Tsundere characters are often put into BST situations, but not every character who is put in one automatically becomes a tsundere. Many characters in BST situations only act rude in that specific moment, acting much more agreeable in most other situations. A tsundere will act irritable in other situations where they feel embarrassed.

Acting Tsundere

Since the tsundere trope is so recognizable, there are many parodies of tsundere character's stereotypical attitude and phrases. A character might say something along the lines of "it's not like I like you or anything!" as a short bit, but the character will not act tsundere outside of that specific moment. These characters are not really tsundere, they are simply parodied for the joke.


Mangaka Ken Akamatsu says that tsundere is a unique case for moe characters. "The person feeling it must be stronger: The object of 'moe' is weak and dependent (like a child) on the person, or is in a situation where she cannot oppose the person in charge (like a maid)... (Tsundere only: There will be times where the stronger and weaker role is reversed)."

The concept of tsundere characters keeps increasing in popularity. A maid cafe called Nagomi started to have tsundere events all the way back in 2006 along with the release of tsundere themed products, even including a television in their lineup. Japanese media has capitalized on this popularity, with more in-depth discussions about the definition of the concept in Lucky☆Star's Lucky Channel segment aiming to classify characters based on their tsundere-ness.

Another widely used definition of tsundere is a character who has an aggressive attitude towards others, but is really kind on the inside. This plays out as the tsundere character acting rudely towards the main character, being very critical towards them in some way. When they eventually fall in love or simply warm up to them, though, they will be unable to deny their feelings any longer.

Comiket organizer Koichi Ichikawa described Lum from the 1978 manga Urusei Yatsura as being the first tsundere character, as well as the first moe character. Figurine sculptor Bome has also credited Lum as being an inspiration in his designs. Manga critic Jason Thompson cited another character, Madoka Ayukawa of the 1984 manga Kimagure Orange☆Road, as being the root of the tsundere archetype.

The author of the manga Excel Saga, Rikdo Koshi, defines tsundere as "hard on the outside, soft on the inside", associating it with Misaki Matsuya, a character in said manga.

Although tsundere characters are usually depicted as being female, there are many male examples of the trope as well.

Variations and Similar Japanese Archetypes


"Bokukko" is a term for a female character who is a tomboy and acts and looks boyish.


Bokukko is a Japanese word for females who use vocabulary mostly used by males. "Boku" is primarily used by boys and young men, while "ko" means "girl".


Bokukko are females who have tastes and behaviors usually associated with boys. They speak and act in a boyish type of manner and are confident, competitive, and can be rough around the edges.

These characters have interests and skills which are usually considered "boyish" and "manly", and lack interest in what is seen as "girly". They will have interests seen as tomboyish or more common in males, like sports, vehicle mechanics or combat.

A lot of tsundere characters could also be Bokukko due to their tough behaviour when their "tsun" side acts up, which is sometimes seen as tomboyish. Despite this, not all Bokukko characters are tsundere and not all tsundere characters are tomboys, although this is a combination that is used frequently.


"Deretsun", also known as "Tsundere Type B", is a term for a tsundere whose dere side is their default mood. They are sweet, kind and generous, but have a hidden irritable side that comes out around their love interest.

Meaning of the Name

Deretsun (デレツン) comes from the words "deredere" (デレデレ), meaning "lovey dovey", and "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable".


Derestun characters are characters who are friendly with others, but around an individual person, usually their love interest, they act a little brash and rude or cold and aloof. This happens because that individual triggers their more irritable side.

Like a regular tsundere, deretsun characters become overwhelmed by their love interests and lash out becuase of it. However, they do not act this way towards others, since they do not have feelings towards them.


"Gundere", also known as "Gandere", is a term for a character who expresses their love with or towards guns. This is usually in the form of firing said guns while blushing in a tsundere-like fashion.

Meaning of the Name

Gundere (ガンデレ) comes from the words "gan" (ガン), meaning "gun", and "deredere" ( デレデレ), meaning "lovey-dovey".


Gundere characters are similar to tsundere characters, but with more extreme reactions. They always carry a gun with them, pulling it out when they become embarrassed by their love interest.

A gundere character's violent nature is similar to that of a yandere. However, a gundere doesn't kill for love. They only become violent because of a knee-jerk reaction, sometimes unconsciously, to hide their emotions. Even if they fire their gun, they usually do not actually harm anyone with it.


A "Kuutsundere" is a cross between a kuudere and tsundere.

Meaning of the Name

Kuutsundere (クーツンデレ) takes the "kuu" (クー) from "kuuru" (クール), a katakanization of the English word "cool", a "tsun" (ツン) from "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable", and the "dere" (デレ) from "deredere" (デレデレ), meaning "lovey dovey".


Kuutsundere[2] characters, unlike tsunderecharacters, do not hide their feelings behind a mask of sarcasm, but express their true feelings. They do not have as intense mood swings as a tsundere, being more collected like a kuudere.

There are 2 main types of kuutsundere characters, the "Temperic Type" and the "Apathetic Type".

The "Temperic Type" of kuutsundere is known for their temperic nature. Sometimes they are calm and cool head individuals, but there are times that they can be more hotheaded. It takes them a while to warm up to their love interest.

The "Apathetic Type", like the name suggests, are apathetic, abstracted, and often show little to no emotions. They can be very sarcastic and rude at times, much like a Kitikudere.

During the development of the plot, they may not reveal the dere-side at all, since they are often secondary characters.


"Tsun'Aho" is a term for a character who acts so "tsun" that they become "aho".

Meaning of the Name

Tsun'Aho (ツンアホ) comes from the words "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable", and "aho" (アホ), meaning "stupid".


Tsun'Aho characters are characters who try so hard to look uninterested with their love interest that they start acting like an idiot. When they talk with their love interest, they will start saying stupid nonsense to act they don't like them.

Because tsun'aho characters say and do so many stupid things to hide their "secret" feelings that everyone already knows about, people will start to think that they're an actual idiot.

Tsun'Aho can also refer to a character who was an idiot from the start. They are "tsun" on the outside and "aho" on the inside.


"Tsundra", also known as "Tsundora", is like a tsundere who acts so uninterested that they sound serious.

Meaning of the Name

Tsundra (デレツン) comes from the words "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable", and "tundora" (ツンドラ), meaning "tundra".


The term originated from the anime Bakemonogatari. In episode 1, Hitagi Senjougahara claims that she is like a tsundere. Koyomi Araragi retorts that someone like her should be called a tsundra instead. [3]


Tsundra characters are characters who act so irritable and rude towards their love interest that they come off as totally serious in their rejection of their own feelings.

A normal tsundere will call their love interest childish names in a flustered fashion, hinting at the fact that they don't actually believe in their own words. A tsundra, on the other hand, will make brutal, ice-cold comments about their love interest, making it seem like they really do hate them, making it very difficult for their love interest to understand that they actually like them.


"Tsunpure" is a term for a character who is brutally honest with others, but rarely honest with themself.

Meaning of the Name

Tsunpure (ツンプレ) comes from the words "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable", and the English word "pure", meaning "uncontaminated" and "clean".


Tsunpure are characters who act sensitive and temperamental, but only end up expressing their true feelings when they explode. They will act rudely one moment, but act with honesty and kindness the next.

Tsunpure characters are kind, easily fooled, and pure-hearted people who truly want to protect those they love, even if they aren't always honest about it.


A "Tsunshun" is a character that goes "tsun", and then goes "shun".

Meaning of the Name

Tsunshun (ツンシュン) takes the "tsun" (ツン) from "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable", and "shun" (シュン), a mimetic word for "sad."


Like a tsundere, tsunshun characters will act grumpy and reject or act uninterested about something, but where as a tsundere would go "I'm doing it, but it's not like I like you or anything!" and try to accept what the other person has to say while trying to keep their "I'm not interested" mask, a tsunshun will not try to find a way to make things work. Instead, they will say "no" and then get depressed because they couldn't say "yes".

Example: "No, I'm not going to the festival" words out of their mouth = "Why didn't I say yes and went to the festival! Why!" words inside their mind a few minutes later.

It doesn't need to be a straight "no"; it can be any tsun or anti-social expression. A tsunshun will reject others and act like they are above the them, but then get mad at themselves for being rude and not being sincere.


Tsuntere is a term for a shy tsundere in which the "tsun" side is more pronounced.

Meaning of the Name

Tsuntere (ツン照れ) comes from the words "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable", and "tereru" (照れる), meaning "to be shy".


Tsuntere characters are characters who are shy, but act rude anyways. These characters are not as cold as a normal tsundere and are much more likely to betray their feelings.

Tsuntere characters are less aggressive than tsundere characters, limiting themselves to only using offensive words when their tsun side shows, refraining from most violent actions.


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Trigger Warning!
This page contains mature content not suitable for all ages or information, language or images that can be sensitive to some people! Precaution is advised.

Content Warnings: Mentions of extreme violence and murder.

"Tsungire" is a term for a character who is devoid of love and filled with rage.

Meaning of the Name

Tsungire (ツンギレ) comes from the words "tsuntsun" (ツンツン), a mimetic word for "irritable", and "gire" (ギレ), meaning "to snap".


Tsungire characters are characters who are incredibly irritable, snapping at anything that bothers them. These outbursts can range from simple verbal abuse to outright physical assault, sometimes even escalating to murder. Because of their unpredictability, they are pretty much unapproachable and very dangerous to be around.

Tsungire characters may have a dere side, but it is hidden very deep inside of them, being completely overshadowed by their intense anger.

What is Gire ギレ?

The suffix "gire" (ギレ) is sometimes added to these personality words instead of "dere" (デレ). Its meaning in words such as tsungire and yangire is that of "snapping" or "being mad" instead of dere types "being in love".

The word "gire" comes from the verb "kireru" (キレる), which means "to snap" or "to be mad [at someone or something]." To be at the end of your rope. To lose your patience. To be done with it. To have had the last drop. To explode with anger. To get the last string holding your temper is check cut. That's what "kireru" means.

The gire versions of personalities often have nothing to do with love or romance at all. People often attribute "~gire" as more violent versions of "~dere", but these two words aren't actually related. A character deemed "~gire" doesn't even need to be in love or feel romantically towards somone. They just lean towards aggressive, abusive, and violent behavior.

The part of the word "kireru" that becomes the suffix is "kire", but it becomes "gire" instead because of a process called "rendaku" that changes the pronunciation of suffixes.

TsunTsun and DereDere

Different characters have different levels of "tsun" and "dere". Tsundere characters can, more often than not, be divided into two main categories, based off their default mood:

TsunTsun (ツンツン): Tsuntsun types of tsundere characters are harsh by default. These characters are very rude, calling others names and refusing to hear what they have to say. They can't seem to control their temper, lashing out for any sort of reason. Only someone who is very close to them will be able to bring out their dere side. They are much more spontaneous than deredere types, which hurts them in the long run. Tsuntsun reactions can also be used as a one time gag.

DereDere (デレデレ): Deredere types of tsundere characters are sweet by default. They are kind and caring characters who have a suppressed violent side that only comes out when they are embarrassed. They just feel awkward around feelings and conversations about love, acting self-conscious about their own feelings. Deredere types may also just be overprotective of their partner, lashing out if they feel like their love interest or their relationship is threatened. They take the time to plan out their endeavors, unlike a tsuntsun, though their plans usually fall apart in the end.

A way to show that a tsundere character has accepted their feelings in spite of their pride is to have them shift from acting tsuntsun to acting deredere. They will still retain many typical tsundere traits, such as acting evasive about their newfound relationship with others, but in a more mellow way.


Tsuntsun Strategies

  • The Cold Shoulder: A common tsundere strategy in which the character acts very coldy towards their love interest. They will ignore what they have to say or will only talk in short, snappy sentences in order to make them feel unwanted and unloved.
  • The Taunt: When a tsundere doesn't feel like exerting themselves physically, they will instead hurl insults at their love interest. They will utilize common phrases, usually saying "baka!" or "urusai!" (うるさい), meaning "shut up!" to enunciate their point. Tsundere characters are ruthless, insulting their love interest in their most sensitive areas, making them feel terrible and causing conflict in the story.
  • The Violent Approach: Another well-known tsundere reaction is violence. When the character is set off, they will not hesitate to resort to physical abuse. Their love interest will be punched, slapped, and kicked for saying anything that even remotely embarrasses the tsundere.
  • Tyrannical Rule: Many tsundere characters are not too arrogant and selfish, they just lack social skills and anger management. However, these types of tsundere are truly arrogant, acting haughty and controlling towards others. They put down their love interest to make themselves feel more powerful. They are similar to a kitikudere.

Tsundere characters employ these strategies in different situations to be most effective to the story and characterization.

Deredere Strategies

  • The Un-giver: The tsundere will give their love interest a give, such as chocolate on Valentine's Day or White Day, but will claim that they only did it because they "felt sorry for them", trying desperately to deny any romantic undertones.
  • The Helper: If their love interest is struggling with something, such as homework or cooking, the tsundere character will help them. Secretly, they love helping their love interest out, but they would never dare to admit it.
  • The Trainer: When a tsundere character feels that their love interest isn't good enough at something, they will try and train them in the subject in a very demeaning way, hoping to make them improve their skills, even if they just make their love interest feel bad. They are similar to a kiredere.
  • The Defender: If their love interest is fighting a dangerous enemy, the tsundere will defend them. Even though it's very obvious that they did this out of the goodness of their heart, the tsundere will deny any real involvement, claiming to "just be passing through", or that they "just needed to stretch their legs".
  • The Nurse: Tsundere characters get very worried about their love interest when they fall ill or hurt themselves somehow. They will sit by their bedside and help however they can to make them recover faster, though they will make cheap attempts to hide their worry, usually by making fun of their love interest for getting hurt or sick in the first place.
  • The Advisor: Though tsundere characters love to taunt their love interest for their problems, when they settle down a bit, they can be great listeners when their love interest has a real issue, even offering sound advice from time to time

A tsundere character's attractiveness has two sides to their appeal. On one side, they are strong and independent characters who refuse to back down. On the other side, they are awkward and insecure about their relationships, hiding any weakness with aggressive language and actions. Tsuntsun types show that even the toughest characters have a soft side, while deredere types show that even kind characters can be hot-blooded, subverting expectations in a pleasing way.

Tsundere Classes

There are some common classes of tsundere characters in media.

  • The Wolf Class: The kind of tsundere that refuses to be honest about their own feelings. They judge their love interest for anything and everything and attacks them at any provocation. They will call them stupid for not understanding the tsundere character's feelings, even though they aren't honest about them in the first place. The most stereotypical and cliched kind of tsundere.
  • The Discipline Class: A tsundere who has been put in a position of power, such as becoming the student council president or the assistant to their company's boss. They are extremely strict about enforcing rules, or whatever they think the rules ought to be. Whenever their love interest does anything even a little bit wrong, they will be quick to punish them for it. This makes their love interest feel singled out, making them develop a dislike of the tsundere. However, behind the scenes, the tsundere will protect their love interest when it truly matters, such as when they get in trouble for something they didn't do, revealing their softer side.
  • The Tragic Past Class: Many tsundere characters act so temperamental because of their dark past, making it difficult to express their feelings in an understandable and calm manner. They don't want to get hurt by revealing their kinder side, so they act harshly, either regretting it terribly afterwards or trying to justify it in their head because of how bad they were treated before. Through a whole lot of character development, their hurtful past and romantic feelings may be revealed to someone who is patient and kind enough.
  • The Oujodere Class: Tsundere characters almost always deny their romantic behavior, though some do take pride in it. They may even want to act more like an oujodere. Failing in their attempts to mimic the more refined people around them will lead their tsundere side to resurface, with either their tsuntsun side causing them to lash out at those around them or their deredere side making them burst into tears and go to their love interest for comfort. Tsundere characters may forcibly become oujodere-like if their love interest is taken from them as a way to hide their despair. They will begin to act like their true tsundere self when they find love again.

Characters with this Personality

See Tsundere/Anime Characters to see characters from anime media
See Tsundere/Western Characters to see characters from western media


Dere Types
Dandere Deredere Himedere Kuudere Tsundere Yandere
Ahodere Bakadere Bocchandere Bokodere Byoukidere Darudere Dorodere Erodere Goudere Hajidere Hinedere Hiyakasudere Inudere Kamidere Kanedere Kekkondere Kichidere Kiredere Kitikudere Masodere Mayadere Megadere Nemuidere Nyandere Onidere Oujidere Oujodere Sadodere Shindere Shundere Undere Usodere Utsudere Uzadere Yottadere Zondere
List of Variations Popular Dere Combinations Unofficial Dere Types